Associated Farm Buildings


Barns were not the only buildings found on farms; often there is a whole complex of structures associated with the agricultural activities on a farm.  This section describes various common associated farm buildings.

Bunk Houses.  In a few instances, farmers built dwellings separate from the farmhouse to provide accommodations for hired hands; these were called ‘bunk houses’ because workers ‘bunked’ together.

Fruit Dryers.  Fruit driers (or dryers), also known as evaporators, were built to dry pears, plums, and other fruit for market.

Granaries.  Originally grain was stored on one side of a center drive barn, in bins adjacent to the threshing floor (see Grain under Barn Uses).  However, in order to keep vermin away from the grain, separate structures—granaries—were constructed in a ‘tight’ manner with few windows and usually just one door.

Hop Dryers.  Large, two story structures with pyramidal roofs and tall vents were built specifically to dry hops; the lower floors acted as plenums for the hot air rising through the hops in the second story and out through the roof vents.

Machine Sheds.  Machine, implement, or equipment sheds were constructed to house various pieces of mechanical equipment, such as trucks, tractors, bailers, combines and their numerous attachments used for farm operations.

Milk Houses.  Milk houses were designed to provide a clean, cool place  apart from the milking shed or parlor for separating and storing cream.

Poultry Houses.  Although there were a few full-scale barns built specifically for poultry (see Poultry in Uses of Barns), a more common structure on most farms in the islands was a poultry house, also called a hen or laying house or chicken coop.

Root Cellars.  The primary purpose of a root cellar was to store farm products in a uniformly cool environment, in order to keep them eatable through the winter, for home consumption, sale, and livestock feed.

Silos.  Tall, usually round structures were built to store green fodder—called “ensilage” or simply “silage.”

Smoke Houses.  Tall and narrow ‘houses’ were built to smoke meat on farms.

Water Towers.  Towers were constructed to store water in a tank high above the ground, in order to have pressure through gravity.

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